We express our emotions all the time. Today you will learn 10 common emotions in Portuguese, including good and bad feelings. The goal is to improve your ability to communicate in Portuguese so you can deepen relationships and enrich your conversations.
For each emotion I will show you not only the adjective (happy, sad), but also the related noun (happiness, sadness). By the noun, you will find the indication of whether it is a feminine noun (f) or a masculine noun (m).
After the vocabulary section you will find real-life examples using these emotions in full sentences.
Vocabulary: 10 Emotions in Portuguese
|a: Zangado/a, com raiva *
n: Raiva (f)
n: Ansiedade (f)
n: Alegria (f)
n: Depressão (f)
|a: Decepcionado/a, desapontado/a
n: Decepção (f), desapontamento (m)
n: Frustração (f)
n: Felicidade (f)
n: Nervosismo (m)
n: Tristeza (f)
|a: Amedrontado, com medo*; medroso
n: Medo (m)
* Com raiva and Com medo are not adjetives. I included these expressions because they are the most common way that we express feeling angry and scared, respectively.
How to Use Emotions Correctly in Sentences
Practicing the vocabulary of emotions is a great way to practice the verbs Ser and Estar.
Here are a few things you need to know in order to use emotions correctly in full sentences:
- Use the verb Ser to indicate how someone is in general (not how they are feeling at the moment). Check out my lesson on how to use the verb Ser correctly here.
- Use the verb Estar to indicate how someone feels (or was feeling) at the moment. Check out my lesson on how to use the verb Estar correctly here.
- Use the verb Ficar in the past tense to say that someone “was sad” (or any emotion), meaning that they got sad because something caused them to feel sad. Look at examples 4 and 5 below.
Examples Using Emotions
- Por que você está com raiva? O que aconteceu? = Why are you angry? What happened?
- Estou ansiosa porque tenho uma entrevista de trabalho amanhã. = I’m feeling anxious because I have a job interview tomorrow.
- Joana é sempre tão alegre. Infelizmente hoje ela está triste porque perdeu o emprego. = Joana is always so joyful. Unfortunately today she is feeling sad because she’s lost her job.
- Ontem Ana deu um bolo em Mário. Ele ficou muito decepcionado. = Yesterday Ana stood Mário up. He was very disappointed.
- Parabéns pela promoção! Fiquei muito feliz com a notícia. = Congratulations on the promotion! I was very happy with the news.
- Não fique nervoso porque não adianta nada! = Don’t get nervous because it doesn’t help with anything.
To use emotions with confidence, practice with your Portuguese teacher using real-life examples in different contexts. Practice with the verbs Ser, Estar,and Ficar, as these are important and useful verbs.
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