In a recent lesson I showed you how to use Ninguém (no one) correctly in Portuguese and gave you tips on how to avoid mistakes.
Today I will show you how to say Someone/Anyone in Portuguese. It’s easy.
Here is the video lesson:
Alguém = Someone
The examples below show how to use Alguém (someone) in context. Here are two things to notice:
- We use Alguém in affirmations and in questions
- We don’t use Alguém with a negative word. If you need to say that there isn’t anyone there, you need to use Ninguém, as in example 5 below.
Essa caixa está muito pesada. Alguém precisa me ajudar, por favor.
This box is very heavy. Someone needs to help me, please.
Alguém deixou esse casaco aqui.
Someone left this coat here.
Alguém está com fome?
Is anyone hungry?
Alguém pode me dizer o que aconteceu?
Can someone tell me what happened?
Dani: As luzes estão apagadas. Você acha que tem alguém em casa?
José: Não, acho que não tem ninguém em casa.
Dani: The lights are off. Do you think there is anyone home?
José: No, I don’t think there is anyone home.
Qualquer pessoa: When Anyone is not Alguém
Sometimes, Alguém translates as Anyone, as was the case in examples 3 and 5 above.
However, this is not always the case. When the meaning of “anyone” is that any person can do something, you need to say qualquer pessoa.
See the example below:
Dani: Você acha que qualquer pessoa do seu time pode fazer esse trabalho?
José: Sim, qualquer pessoa pode fazer isso.
Dani: Do you think that anyone in your team can do this job?
José: Yes, anyone can do this.
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